Speed Up Your Python Data Applications By Parallelizing Them With Bodo


October 25th, 2021

58 mins 6 secs

Your Hosts

About this Episode


The speed of Python is a subject of constant debate, but there is no denying that for compute heavy work it is not the optimal tool. Rather than rewriting your data oriented applications, or having to rearchitect them, the team at Bodo wrote a compiler that will do the optimization for you. In this episode Ehsan Totoni explains how they are able to translate pure Python into massively parallel processes that are optimized for high performance compute systems.


  • Hello and welcome to Podcast.__init__, the podcast about Python’s role in data and science.
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  • Your host as usual is Tobias Macey and today I’m interviewing Ehsan Totoni about Bodo, an inferential compiler for Python that automatically parallelizes your data oriented projects


  • Introductions
  • How did you get introduced to Python?
  • Can you describe what Bodo is and the story behind it?
  • What are some of the use cases that it is being applied to?
  • What are the motivating factors for something like Dask or Ray as compared to Bodo?
  • What are the software patterns that contribute to slowdowns in data processing code?
    • What are some of the ways that the compiler is able to optimize those operations?
  • Can you describe how Bodo is implemented?
  • How does Bodo process the Python code for compiling to the optimized form?
    • What are the compilation techniques for understanding the semantics of the code being processed?
    • How do you manage packages that rely on C extensions?
    • What do you use as an intermediate representation for translating into the optimized output?
  • What is the workflow for applying Bodo to a Python project?
    • What debugging utilities does it provide for identifying any errors that occur due to the added parallelism?
  • What kind of support does Bodo have for optimizing a machine learning project with Bodo? (e.g. using PyTorch/Tensorflow/MxNet/etc.)
  • When working with a workflow orchestrator such as Dagster for Airflow, what would the integration process look like for being able to take advantage of the optimized Bodo output?
  • What are the most interesting, innovative, or unexpected ways that you have seen Bodo used?
  • What are the most interesting, unexpected, or challenging lessons that you have learned while working on Bodo?
  • When is Bodo the wrong choice?
  • What do you have planned for the future of Bodo?

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Closing Announcements

  • Thank you for listening! Don’t forget to check out our other show, the Data Engineering Podcast for the latest on modern data management.
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The intro and outro music is from Requiem for a Fish The Freak Fandango Orchestra / CC BY-SA