Every machine learning model has to start with feature engineering. This is the process of combining input variables into a more meaningful signal for the problem that you are trying to solve. Many times this process can lead to duplicating code from previous projects, or introducing technical debt in the form of poorly maintained feature pipelines. In order to make the practice more manageable Soledad Galli created the feature-engine library. In this episode she explains how it has helped her and others build reusable transformations that can be applied in a composable manner with your scikit-learn projects. She also discusses the importance of understanding the data that you are working with and the domain in which your model will be used to ensure that you are selecting the right features.
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- Your host as usual is Tobias Macey and today I’m interviewing Soledad Galli about feature-engine, a Python library to engineer features for use in machine learning models
- How did you get introduced to Python?
- Can you describe what feature-engine is and the story behind it?
- What are the complexities that are inherent to feature engineering?
- What are the problems that are introduced due to incidental complexity and technical debt?
- What was missing in the available set of libraries/frameworks/toolkits for feature engineering that you are solving for with feature-engine?
- What are some examples of the types of domain knowledge that are needed to effectively build features for an ML model?
- Given the fact that features are constructed through methods such as normalizing data distributions, imputing missing values, combining attributes, etc. what are some of the potential risks that are introduced by incorrectly applied transformations or invalid assumptions about the impact of these manipulations?
- Can you describe how feature-engine is implemented?
- How have the design and goals of the project changed or evolved since you started working on it?
- What (if any) difference exists in the feature engineering process for frameworks like scikit-learn as compared to deep learning approaches using PyTorch, Tensorflow, etc.?
- Can you describe the workflow of identifying and generating useful features during model development?
- What are the tools that are available for testing and debugging of the feature pipelines?
- What do you see as the potential benefits or drawbacks of integrating feature-engine with a feature store such as Feast or Tecton?
- What are the most interesting, innovative, or unexpected ways that you have seen feature-engine used?
- What are the most interesting, unexpected, or challenging lessons that you have learned while working on feature-engine?
- When is feature-engine the wrong choice?
- What do you have planned for the future of feature-engine?
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- Feature Engineering
- Python Feature Engineering Cookbook
- Feature Stores