The web has spawned numerous methods for communicating between applications, including protocols such as SOAP, XML-RPC, and REST. One of the newest entrants is GraphQL which promises a simplified approach to client development and reduced network requests. To make implementing these APIs in Python easier, Syrus Akbary created the Graphene project. In this episode he explains the origin story of Graphene, how GraphQL compares to REST, how you can start using it in your applications, and how he is working to make his efforts sustainable.
Do you want to try out some of the tools and applications that you heard about on Podcast.__init__? Do you have a side project that you want to share with the world? Check out Linode at linode.com/podcastinit or use the code podcastinit2018 and get a $20 credit to try out their fast and reliable Linux virtual servers. They’ve got lightning fast networking and SSD servers with plenty of power and storage to run whatever you want to experiment on.
This episode of Podcast.__init__ is brought to you by Clubhouse, the first project management platform for software development that brings everyone together so that teams can focus on what matters – creating products their customers love. Clubhouse provides the perfect balance of simplicity and structure for better cross-functional collaboration. Its fast, intuitive interface makes it easy for people on any team to focus-in on their work on a specific task or project, while also being able to “zoom out” to see how that work is contributing towards the bigger picture. With a simple API and robust set of integrations, Clubhouse also seamlessly integrates with the tools you use everyday, getting out of your way so that you can deliver quality software on time.
Listeners of Podcast.__init__ can sign up for two free months of Clubhouse by visiting clubhouse.io/podcastinit.
- Hello and welcome to Podcast.__init__, the podcast about Python and the people who make it great.
- When you’re ready to launch your next app or want to try a project you hear about on the show, you’ll need somewhere to deploy it, so check out Linode. With 200 Gbit/s private networking, scalable shared block storage, node balancers, and a 40 Gbit/s public network, all controlled by a brand new API you’ve got everything you need to scale up. Go to pythonpodcast.com/linode to get a $20 credit and launch a new server in under a minute.
- And to keep track of how your team is progressing on building new features and squashing bugs, you need a project management system designed by software engineers, for software engineers. Clubhouse lets you craft a workflow that fits your style, including per-team tasks, cross-project epics, a large suite of pre-built integrations, and a simple API for crafting your own. Podcast.__init__ listeners get 2 months free on any plan by going to pythonpodcast.com/clubhouse today and signing up for a trial.
- Visit the site to subscribe to the show, sign up for the newsletter, and read the show notes. And if you have any questions, comments, or suggestions I would love to hear them. You can reach me on Twitter at @Podcast__init__ or email [email protected])
- To help other people find the show please leave a review on iTunes, or Google Play Music, tell your friends and co-workers, and share it on social media.
- Join the community in the new Zulip chat workspace at pythonpodcast.com/chat
- Your host as usual is Tobias Macey and today I’m interviewing Syrus Akbary about Graphene, a python library for building your APIs with GraphQL
- How did you get introduced to Python?
- What is GraphQL and what is the benefit vs a REST-based API?
- How does it compare to specifications such as OpenAPI (formerly Swagger) or RAML?
- Can you explain what Graphene is and your motivation for building it?
- What is involved in building a GraphQL API?
- What does Graphene do to simplify this process?
- How is Graphene implemented and how has that evolved since you first started working on it?
- Is there a set of tests for verifying the compliance of Graphene or a specific API with the GraphQL specification?
- What are some of the most complex or confusing aspects of building a GraphQL API?
- What are some of the unique capabilities that are offered by building an application with GraphQL as the communication interface?
- While reading through documentation in preparation for our conversation I noticed the Quiver project. Can you explain what that is and how it fits with the other Graphene projects?
- What is it doing under the hood to optimize serving of the API?
- For someone who is interested in adding a GraphQL interface to an existing application, what would be involved?
- The documentation mentions creation of a schema, as well as defining queries. Is it possible for a client to craft queries that don’t match directly with those defined in the server layer?
- What are some of the most interesting or surprising uses of Graphene and GraphQL that you have seeen?
- What are some cases where it would be more practical to implement an API using REST instead of GraphQL?
- What are some references that you would recommend for anyone who wants to learn more about GraphQL and its ecosystem?
- What are your plans for the future of Graphene?
Keep In Touch
- REST (REpresentational State Transfer
- Facebook Engineering
- Django Rest Framework
- How To GraphQL
- Python 3.7 Dataclasses